Jun 25, 2020 in Exploratory

Artificial Intelligence

Introduction

Intelligence, according to Nilsson, is the capability to understand the objective world and utilize knowledge to deal with issues. As for the artificial intelligence, it can be defined in many ways that include the way computers perform tasks, the division of computer science that deals with non-algorithmic and symbolic methods of solving problems, the computer science concerned with programming intelligent computer systems. Its goal, as Russell and Norvig state, is to facilitate the creation of computers, machines, and devices that have the ability to perform job normally done by people, especially the one associated with human beings acting intelligently. Over the last few decades, intelligent machines have been developed to generate speech and understanding, recognize patterns, reasons, as well as to prove mathematical theorems. In general, artificial intelligence plays a critical role in the daily life of human beings. It is applied in all fields of work including manufacturing, medicine, education, finance, security, and agriculture among others. Thus, the paper highlights its benefits for a human being as well as discusses briefly its drawbacks.

The Benefits of Artificial intelligence

There are a number of advantages that can be distinguished with regard to the artificial intelligence. Firstly, it provides brings greater accuracy and precision. According to Neapolitan and Jiang, the possibility of error in case of its application is almost nil. Obviously, some activities, processes or systems require exactness, without which the desired results cannot be achieved. For example, in the field of manufacturing, artificial intelligence is used in making identical products such as wear parts in bulk Inaccurate and inconsistent production of these parts would mean waste of time and financial resources. Nilsson has outlines that artificial intelligence is critical where data drives applications since it ensures precision which is critical in data-driven programs. Thus, its introduction in the manufacturing process guarantees that the operation is smooth, sharp, and cost-effective.

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To continue, artificial intelligence is critical in the exploration of space especially in a hostile environment where humans cannot survive. Through the use of smart robots and machines that have the ability to sustain the unfriendly astronomical environs, it is possible to study the surroundings that cannot support life and to research space. Moreover, Hutter has that it is because of the artificial intelligence that it is possible to record and document what exists inside the Earth. For instance, smart robots are used to reach the depths of the planet to explore and mine minerals. To sum up, artificial intelligence is essential in overcoming the challenges and limitations of humans in studying the outer space and the depths of the world.

Furthermore, intelligent machines have outperformed human beings in various areas of activities connected with work with numbers and data. In particular, Akerkar claims that they perform much better than people when it comes to informational storage, numerical computations, and repetitive operations. For example, computers can store an enormous amount of data and allow easy and quick retrieval of the information at the click of a button. Contrary to them, human beings can only keep a limited number of facts and their extraction is not instant. Additionally, artificial intelligence is handy in numerical computations since computers are faster and more accurate and precise than people. For instance, a computer can provide an instant result to a multiplication of 6,768,345 and 7,786,098 with no error, while it will take an individual several minutes with a possibility of a mistake.

The most important benefit of artificial intelligence is that smart machines do not need to rest or a break which ensures maximum productivity which cannot be provided by humans. As a result, it is critical in the performance of repetitive tasks and time-consuming operations. Unfortunately, people cannot perform a similar job for a longtime without making errors. According to Akerkar, they get bored and make mistakes as fatigue comes in. Consequently, artificial intelligence has been specifically designed to perform such tasks without flaws.

At the same time, smart machines can be utilized to perform laborious and painstaking tasks, which have long been performed by humans. Because of the intelligence systems, the devices can take greater responsibility and ensure maximum productivity with higher precision and accuracy. They can also be programmed to manage themselves for repeated activities. A good example is a smartphone which uses the intelligent system that can predict and propose what the person needs to type and automatically corrects any individual’s errors in spelling. Maps and GPS which guide people providing them with the shortest or the best alternative directions to take as well as the information about the traffic flow and the approximate number of hours to reach that destination. As Nilsson puts it, the systems on computers or phones that foresee user activities and also offer recommendations that fit his/her choice are applications of AI. Thus, artificial intelligence is making the daily life of a human being a lot easier.

What is more, AI is of great benefit for the mankind in the field of medicine. It reduces mortality rate, provides fast and precise diagnostics, decreases the number of human errors, cuts costs, and enables virtual presence. It assists patients and as well as doctors. The latter can assess individuals and their health problems and provide the necessary help. For instance, the robotic radiosurgery makes it possible to achieve accuracy in the radiation set to kill tumors, thus reducing the damage to the nearby tissues. Recently, AI methods have been applied to discover subtle interactions between different medications and to determine their side effects. Professors in surgery use smart machines while training the future medical specialists. Additionally, artificial intelligence has proven its use in diagnosis and treatment of neurological problems through its ability to simulate brain functioning. Machinelike pets can also help patients with depression by keeping them active. Furthermore, AI integration in machines is of great benefit in the process of scanning a patient’s laboratory results, ordering drugs and generating reminders and alerts to update the ill, noticing changes in an individual’s state of health.

Besides, intelligent systems include virtual presence technology so that a patient does not have to travel to a hospital but can be provided with care at home. Using the technology, doctors and medical care professionals can cooperate with people without the need to be actually present. Warwick has stated that smart systems enable specialists to interact and walk around virtually as effectively as though they are physically there. It is beneficial as it allows the doctors to provide assistance to persons who are not able to move, or to those in other parts of the country or other states.

Over and above, artificial intelligence impacts education through adaptive learning, programs, software, games, and individualized approach. All these systems function to respond to student’s needs helping to place more efforts into some topics, enhance the repetition of poorly mastered content and assist students to work at their pace. Through machine-assisted solution, people of different individual abilities work together in a classroom under the teacher’s aid who provides support and helps when required. Moreover, the use of artificial intelligence systems and software has enabled learners to study from anywhere in the world at any time. Interestingly, AI may also replace teachers.

Lastly, the use of intelligent systems is beneficial in security management and more so in detection, tracking, and control of fraud. Security management is one of the key components that determine the success of an organization and ensuring it can be complex. It demands excellent technical knowledge and the application of AI. Use of intelligent applications is critical in user ID and passwords, hardware and network security, intrusion detection, awareness, portable devices, monitoring and assessment of security, encryption, as well as disaster recovery mechanism. Fraud detection and control in smart card-based technology is possible with the use of intelligent systems. In particular, these systems can trace the usage of the card and detect weak points that can be compromised and prevent fraud. Most financial institutions and other organizations like RBS WorldPay and MasterCard depend on artificial intelligence to analyze and trace behavior of devices and transactions, detect and prevent illegal activities.

The Downsides of Artificial Intelligence

Nonetheless, if artificial intelligence begins to take the place of human beings in almost all fields, it will ultimately lead to unemployment as many individuals will become jobless. A majority of people will be left doing nothing, resulting in their engagement in destructive activities.

Another risk to human beings is that they have depended on assistance of machines rather than their brainwork too much. As a result, multitasking skills and lateral thinking might decline and one can have high chances of losing mental capabilities.

Additionally, human beings have programmed the artificial intelligence systems to kill other people creating the autonomous weaponries. When these weapons get into the hands of the wrong individuals, it could cause AI war leading to the death of innocent humans.

Finally, according to Warwick, there is a fear of robots overruling human beings when, ideally, people are expected to be the masters of the machines. If the latter become the masters of humans, the world will become chaotic.

Conclusion

To sum up, artificial intelligence allows the development of computers and devices that have the capacity to perform tasks intelligently. It is beneficial to human beings in almost all the fields of work. First of all, it brings greater accuracy and precision which is essential in manufacturing and production of identical products as inexactness would mean waste of time and financial resources. Moreover, it allows the exploration of the Earth, space as well as other hostile environments. Furthermore, AI allows human beings to store large quantities of information, perform complex numerical computations and solve equations. Additionally, smart machines enable the performance of repetitive tasks and time-consuming operations with no mistakes which is impossible for people. In the field of medicine, it reduces mortality rate, provides fast and precise diagnostics, reduces the chances of human errors, decreases costs, and enables a virtual presence of doctors. Besides, it impacts education through adaptive learning, programs, software, games, and individualized studying. Finally, it is beneficial in security management in detection, tracing, and control of fraud. However, artificial intelligence can lead to unemployment, reduce the ability to use own thinking skills and leads to high chances of losing mental capabilities. What is more, there is a risk of robots taking control over human beings.

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