Jul 11, 2019 in Review
Research Proposal Sample
AbstractThe study presents an analysis of the impact of nutrition on human health. According to the results of the analysis, the actual individual nutritional content regarding the basic food nutrients and biologically active substances was assessed. The effect of nutrition on the increase in the incidence and mortality in the United States was examined. The study provides a method for correcting the diet in order to provide the body with nutrients. In addition, the study reveales a connection of various eating disorders and health conditions as well as the impact of nutrition on the physiological and psychological characteristics of human body.
Introduction of the TopicOne of the major factors affecting human health is the quality of food. The human body is a complex biochemical mechanism that requires daily intakes of essential nutrients. In order to maintain health on the appropriate level, the human body needs protein, fat, carbohydrates, water, vitamins, minerals, amino acids and essential fatty acids. Deficiency of any nutrient is the cause of the violations in the human body from lung ailments to death. Fundamental changes which have occurred in the past decade not only in ecology but also in our diet, have very dangerous effects on our health. The increase in the amount of fat, salt and sugar are directly linked to cardiovascular disease, cancer, obesity, allergies, and stroke. Lack of time, incompetence in matters of food culture, the pace of modern life and other factors have led to promiscuity in the choice of products. The growing popularity of the fast-food containing lots of different flavors, colors, and modified components is a cause for concern. Therefore, poor diet is becoming a serious risk factor for many diseases. Unfortunately, the statistics of recent years shows a dramatic increase of obese, cardio-vascular, diabetes, etc among people. It is possible to prevent such diseases if leading healthy lifestyle and, above all, to correct nutrition style. The object of study is a balanced diet of the population as a component of quality of life. The subject of research is the impact of different types of food on human health and the quality of life. The scale of the study is due to its novelty in practical and theoretical sence.
The PurposeThe purpose of the study is to determine the value of a balanced diet in improving the quality of life of the population and the development of practical recommendations to address socio-economic problems associated with nutrition in the USA. The purpose of the research involves solving complex problems:
- To identify the theoretical and methodological approaches to the sociological study of human nutrition;
- To determine the place and the role of nutrition as the factors of quality of life;
- To identify and examine the relationship and interdependence of the problems of quality of life and the nutrition of different social groups;
- Based on the analysis of domestic and foreign experience in addressing nutrition problem, to offer the possible reform of nutrition and formation of adequate consumer attitudes of the population;
- To identify the socio-economic efficiency of the measures and proposals for improving the quality of nutrition.
Method of the ProjectThe research methodology is based on generally accepted scientific methodological approach involving accounting and recent theoretical developments on designated problem. The designated research problem led to the use of the logical method in conjunction with the historical as well as qualitative and quantitative methods of sociological analysis: the method of in-depth interviews, expert assessments, standardized questionnaire and analysis of statistics
Thesis StatementThe quality of food has a direct impact on human health.
- Gómez-Pinilla, F. (January 12, 2010). Brain Foods: the Effects of Nutrients on Brain Function. PMC.
- Trepanowski, J.F., and Bloomer, R. J. (22 November 2010). The Impact of Religious Fasting on Human Health. Nutrition Journal
- Drewnowski, A. and W. J. Evans (n.d) Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Quality of Life in Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A
- Imbalance protein food ingredient;
- An insufficiency of some biologically active substances and violation of their relations in the diet;
- Excess daily calories (from fat and simple carbohydrates)
- Deficiency of essential fatty acids, vitamins and minerals;
- Inadequate intake of fiber.
- Shridhar, G. (November 16, 2015). Modern Diet and its Impact on Human Health. Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences
- Carroll, C. (October 2014). Better Academic Performance — Is Nutrition the Missing Link? Today’s Dietitian
- Burkert, N. T. (February 7, 2014). Nutrition and Health – The Association between Eating Behavior and Various Health Parameters: A Matched Sample Study. PLOS
- Fueling for Performance: How Proper Timing of Meals Affects Both Sport and Academic Performance. (Aug 6, 2013). NCAA
- Conlon, M. A.( 24 December 2014). The Impact of Diet and Lifestyle on Gut Microbiota and Human Health. Nutrients
Significance of the Research TopicIn the last decades of the XX century, the international community has begun to recognize and re-interpret critical nutrition problems. In the world the institutions of nutrition at the international level occur. In studies the problems of nutrition are considered from the perspective of international cooperation:
- in 1995, the Institute of Food and Agriculture of the United Nations (Budapest) was established;
- in 1997, the North American Joint Council on nutrition was organized;
- Japan's Institute works to preserve and promote the national food culture, due to the increase in the number of people who refuse the national cuisine and prefer fast food which is less useful;
Problem Gap in Knowledge about the TopicHistorical experience and the development of the science and knowledge of human health have persuasive data on the role of nutrition in human development, its compliance with the requirements of appropriate habitat, the formation of viability, social activity, and the decent quality of life. With the development of civilization, the lifestyle of people was changing, the level and quality of their lives changed and principles of nutrition as well. In 1783, the book by the British medical Paulhan "Healthy Food" was published. It revealed the impact of the regime and the composition of food on human health, human well-being, and mood. Further scientific work in the field of food quality become more complex, the problems covered in them are more versatile. The beginning of XX century is marked by the recognition of the importance of the study of the effect of good nutrition physiology and mental abilities. With the increasing importance of good nutrition as a factor for addressing socio-economic and demographic problems of the USA and its subjects, the purposeful study on the interdependence of nutrition and quality of life is actualized. Such studies in the USA were not carried out, and that led to the choice of research topic, its purpose, and objectives.
Hypothesis of the StudyThe general hypothesis of the study is in the assertion of the existence of interdependence and interrelationship of nutrition and quality of life, respectively. Such interdependence confirms the need for a social partnership between state institutions, the business community, aimed at the development of rational nutrition industry. Scientific and Practical Novelty of the Research (proposal of how the study will help fill the gap and what new knowledge it might provide) The study will found that the problem of food has a direct relationship with both components of the welfare of man and society: the level and quality of life. Thus, if the standard of living, as a quantitative characteristic reflects the specific quantifiable availability of food at the appropriate or rational science-based volume consumption, the quality of life fixes not defined by quantitative efficiency of consumption and determines the possibility of reaching the rational norms of a balanced diet by every member of a society.
MethodologyIn this study, the general sample is presented as young people aged 15 to 23 years. The sample size is 30 people. The sample survey using questionnaires was conducted. The study does not claim to greater representation of the data. The reasons for choosing such methodology and sample are the fact that this study is aimed at drawing the attention of society. The form, content, and results of the survey questionnaire that was used to carry out this work will be presented fully. The work task was to learn how changing the diet affects the behavior of the sample size, and further how these changes affect and contribute to changes in their psycho-physiological state. For the solution of the stated problem methods of questionnaires and observations of students aged 15 - 23 years old have been used. This study involved 15 male students (50%) and 15 students (50%). The both direct and indirect tools for measurement will be used. Quantitative knowledge of the studied variables will be obtained directly in the form of direct measurement and indirectly by calculation. The tools were chosen due to the fact that it becomes possible to accurately measure the quantities, expressing their relationship through the ratio of the numbers. Given that many values of are functionally linked, on the basis of this knowledge of the values there is some indirect way to establish others.
Description of Proposed ResearchResearch contributes to the development of knowledge about the role of nutrition in the structure of the components of quality of life, opportunities of reforming the system of public food and achieving optimal content. The study will identify negative effects of economic behavior of participants in today's market food industry oriented toward radicalization the nutritional settlements, institutionalizing commercially effective fast food as an integral feature of the image of modern life. The dynamics of development effects like obesity, anorexia will be characterized. The relationship between dynamics and interdependence of nutrition and quality of life will be established. A decrease of norms and standards of consumption of basic foods that provided balanced and evidence-based dietary patterns that caused the destructive processes in the demographic, social, and professional structure of the society, and reducing the quality of its human resources will be revealed. Some of the findings that are expected to be obtained are as follows:
- changes in the diet can help patients with certain diseases to refuse medication;
- change in nutrition can be applied for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases;
- antioxidants contained in fruits and vegetables, improve mental ability in old age;
- a healthy diet can prevent the formation of kidney stones;
- there is convincing evidence of the relationship between children's nutrition and the most dangerous childhood diseases.