11.07.2019 in Medicine

Essay Sample on Infertility

Q1. According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, the prevalence of infertility in the United States shows that the condition of infertility affects about 5.3 million Americans, that is, almost 9% of the reproductive-age population. The incident of female infertility is calculated to be between 11% and 30% depending on the marital status and parity. Male infertility is recorded to be between a percentage of 5% and 9%. This total up to a total of between 15% and 40% of the number of individuals with problems associated with fertility.

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Q2. The demographic characteristics of women with impaired fecundity vary in consideration of many factors. Age and parity is one of the major characteristics and research studies have shown that fertility declines, as women get older. Impaired fecundity is directly related to the increase in age, particularly after the age of 35 years with women with no previous births. Another study done by the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) showed that race, and ethnicity is another characteristic. Infertility is most likely to be seen among the black than white, which are mostly with secondary infertility. They also described the behavioral risk factors for specific classes of infertility. Some of the behavioral factor like cigarette smoking is tied to a long time of conception and the inability to carry the fetus to term. There is also education and occupation, which has been used frequently as a proxy measure for social economic status despite of its limitations. According to NSFG, infertile women are less likely to have education beyond high-school level and less work in lower-status jobs.

Q3. Demographic characteristics of women receiving infertility treatment range between emotions surrounding the wish for a child, the medical aspect of infertility and coping with the wish for a baby. The emotional experience is described as a rollercoaster ride of emotions in those negative emotions like anxiety is experienced alongside positive emotions like enjoyment and hope. In coping with the wish for a child, dimensions of stress, negativity and unpredictability is experienced. The third aspect is that many infertile women are concern with their medical treatment and diagnostic aspects.

Q4. The substantial proportion of individuals receiving medical care is less than 22.4%. This shows the range of the wide gap between individuals who can get access to medical treatment. Most of the people who seek this medical treatment are mostly women. One of the reasons for the existence of this gap is the ability to realize and get resources to get the medical services. Stress and fear is another reason mostly among men realizing the percentage of men who get access to this medical treatment is lower than that of women. According to the analysis done by the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), most of the infertile women are not educated so they have no knowledge on the need for treatment needs.

Q5. Infertility is experience mostly among women. They may experience fertility problems due to a variety of reasons. One of the outstanding reasons is disorders, which result to infertility. Disorders associated with ovulation caused by hormonal problems like hormone imbalance may be responsible for spontaneous repeated miscarriages in some women. There is also a disorder of pelvic inflammatory disease, which comes with scarring and potential blockages mainly caused by sexually transmitted diseases especially in the uterus, ovaries, or the fallopian tubes. Another factor is age in that fertility decreases after the age of 30, which it becomes, more pronounce with time. Use of tobacco and alcohol substance abuse is also another cause of women infertility. Alcohol is known to cause menstrual irregularities and fetal irregularities associate with miscarriage. Abuse of illicit drugs normally causes adverse effects on the ability to successfully carry a fetus to term.

Q6. Infertility in men is commonly complicated as compared to women. One of the causes of infertility in men is sexual dysfunction, which includes the ability to maintain or achieve an erection or immature ejaculation. Lack of semen or sperm is also another cause whereby the amount of semen to transport the sperm may be inadequate. Other factors like smoking, stress, alcohol and substance use and abuse and other psychological factors may lead sexual dysfunctions or inadequate release of sperms or semen.

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