The Use of Force in Law Enforcement
For all research procedures, investigators often aim at attaining the positive outcome. As such, they generate a topic and accompany it with both null and research hypothesis. The inferences depend on the public response and contribution towards the entire process. The research aims at unveiling the various methods used by scholars in determining the use of force in law enforcement. The research uses credible approaches to establish facts and prove validity in the research process. Additionally, the study performed repeated experiments to ensure consistency and reliability of the findings. The problem as aforementioned necessitated the incorporation of survey techniques in order to generate external validity. This paper takes in depth steps in analyzing the problem statement and reviewing various research terminologies. The terminologies will aid to bring a conclusive reportage with respect to the use of force in law enforcement. Additionally, the paper takes into consideration measures input by various scholars in discussing this topic, including their techniques of study.
When choosing a study design, it is imperative to assess the ethical aspects that accompany its practice. Additionally, it should signify high levels of credibility in its presentation. A research design is the approach that assimilates the diverse elements of an investigation in an empirical and logical manner. It then makes it easier to understand the problems and the solutions. A study design describes methods, nature, and type of the research. The proposal provides room for criticism and improvement. For this particular topic, the probable blueprint is the action research design. It addresses a problem and consequently seeks intercession for the very concern. It may incorporate various research approaches whilst trying out a pilot project. Data collection continues until the researcher achieves the expected results. It involves many variables and takes up a collective approach that ensures that before data collection starts, the investigator seeks informed consent from the sampled population. It involves democratic processes in researching and the variables often encompass the people adversely affected by the problem.
Operational Definition Used by the Researchers
An operational definition quantifies the set of measures used to assess or influence variable. To that effect, experts define the use of force in law enforcement, as the incorporation of stringent tactics and legislative measures in controlling social order. The variables involved are the populace and the law. The independent variable is the law since it is the causal factor of change. The dependent variables are the people who react to the changes in law enforcement. Moreover, the independent variable represents the cause whilst the dependent variable represents the effect.
Inductive Logic and Deductive Logic
In deductive logic, the investigator tabulates a rather general topic. The researcher then moves down to a smaller perspective. As such, the information gathered does not depend on initial hypothesis. Hence, it is a valid approach. From the research, a deductive argument arises when the researcher explains the number of police brutality cases handled by medics over a minimal time span. This is a more general point that later takes a different approach to address minute matters. In inductive reasoning, a researcher begins from a specific point and moves to a general topic. Contrarily it does not display validity since it depends on prior premises. In the investigation, the researcher identifies that the hypothesis mostly depends on theoretical support. After this, the researcher addresses other broader concepts like theories, participants and data collection. It depends on previous findings and uses inductive approaches to find inferences.
Research Study (Quantitative or Qualitative Design)
Qualitative research techniques incorporate facts and valid figures. They contain supporting material in form of empirical and logical measures. Qualitative research techniques rely on facts parse. As such, the methodology does not require the assistance of additional material in making it valid. This research takes the form of a qualitative investigation though it incorporates limited figures. It is qualitative because the figures only refer to findings from a prior quantitative research done by various scholars. During the sampling process only a sub sect of the society acted as variables and the results of the study displayed low standards of quantitative research methodologies. Most results depended on studies performed by scholars like Hutson and others. During the study process, the researcher used random sampling in a bid to collect relative views from the entire populace. This is because the research design encourages the use of democracy in rational decision-making processes. It also targets the police force, the legislative council, doctors, and the public, since they have direct contact with the law. They implement, reinforce, or break it. The response rates also varied from one group of persons to the other with medics probably complaining of adverse effects of police brutality. The police also complained of excessive disrespect to the law and that citizens took advantage of their natural freedoms to breech the decree.
Conclusion and Recommendations
Every research process has its advantages and shortfalls. The outcomes of the research mainly indicated that the police inflicted a lot of pain to lawbreakers and that their measures were stringent for humanity. The study should adopt a single reasoning technique and increase the number of variables, so that a compounding variable has the ability to overlook the mistakes made during the study. The investigator should also adopt a quantitative approach to results delivery in a bid to create credibility with the populaces.