Understanding Eating Disorders (Part 2)
All eating disorders are treatable with the help of psychotherapy, psychological counseling, correction of diet habits, and sometimes medications. Since most often the associated factors of and causes for eating disorders are individual, treatments need to be tailored to each patient. In the majority of cases, outpatient therapy is possible. When the disorder leads to severe complications, inpatient care in a medical facility is required. Certain resources can help deal with eating disorders.
Eating Disorder Resources
- National Association for Anorexia Nervosa: a non-profit organization that aims to help the individuals acquire increase awareness of eating disorders, healthy eating habits, and provide support to sufferers.
- Life Without Anorexia: a blog by a young woman who’s been struggling with anorexia for 5 years.
- Project Heal: a project that helps people with eating disorders through offering a vast number of resources.
- Binge Eating and Bulimia: a blog that explores BED and bulimia, as well as the link between them.
- Binge Eating Disorder Association: an organization that offers multiple resources on BED aiming to increase awareness and overcome the stigmas associated with it.
- Overeaters Anonymous: a support group that helps people with eating disorders.
- Food Addicts in Recovery Anonymous: an organization that provides support for people with food addictions.
- Recover Your Life: an organization that offers forum discussions and chats to help its visitors overcome self-harm issues.
- Support Groups: a website that helps the individuals with all kinds of eating disorders.
Causes for Eating Disorders
The single cause for eating disorders isn’t determined. Specialists say that they occur as a result of a combination of different factors. The most common of them include:
- Genetics. The likelihood to develop an eating disorder is 12 times higher in the case of the family history of eating disorders. Moreover, it’s discovered that certain genes can be linked to metabolism issues, appetite, food intake, and reward-pleasure responses.
- Home life. In case parents fail to cultivate a positive body image and healthy eating habits in their child, the risk of developing an eating disorder increases.
- Temperament. Certain personality traits, such as hypersensitivity, perfectionism and impulsivity are linked with eating disorders. Moreover, the individuals susceptible to stress and anxiety are also at higher risk.
- Body image issues. Negative body image and low self-esteem are associated with social pressures on one’s physical appearance and weight. Since the overall failure rate of diets is 95-98%, dieting is also considered a common factor for developing eating disorders.
- Media. Many people with eating disorders have been influenced by the images they see in movies, TV shows, and periodicals. This phenomenon is commonly called a socio-cultural ideal. In the USA, socio-cultural ideal for women is characterized by thinness, while for men, it’s defined by muscularity and leanness.