Karen Horney Essay Sample
Psychoanalytic approach understands us from the point of view of our unconscious and childhood experiences. This paper attempts to discuss Karen’s psychoanalytic namely: Trait, human, and social cognitive theories
According to Wikipedia, Karen dealt with depression in her early life. She felt that his father was a strict disciplinarian, who had distanced himself from her and being close to her brother Berndt. This made her become depressed, a problem that has haunted she would deal with for the rest of her life. She devoted herself in school believing that even though she would not be pretty she would be smart. The death of her mother and later her brother affected her much and made it difficult for her. In 1926 she moved to United States where she developed her theories in psychology. Wikipedia (n.d).
As per king’s psychology network, she developed a paradigm which views culture and disturbed human relationships as the most causes of neurotic development. Since she passed through hardships and rough relationships with her father. She points out that the key to understanding this phenomenon is the child's perception, rather than the parent's intentions.
Psychoanalytic Social Theory is built on the assumption that social and cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences, are largely responsible for shaping personality ivcc (n.d)She wrote of neurotic needs which can be coped with using various strategies i.e. compliance, aggression and withdrawal.
The trait theory focuses on three major behavioral traits underlying personality: narcissism pertionalism, and aggression. It acknowledges that the genetic bases of personalities complex and therefore assumes four tiers to this genetic basis: male or female gender, character based on temperament, degree of activity or excitability of an individual in the pavlovian sense. It therefore focuses on acknowledging that temperament and other facets of personality involve large number of genes Benis (2008).
In her book Neurosis and Human Growth (1950), she argues that human cope with the anxiety produced by the feeling of being unsafe, unloved, and unvalued by disowning their real self and develops elaborate strategies of defense. This is the human theory which explains how people cope with indifferences.
Compliance also called self – effacing solution. Most children facing parental indifference use this plan. This is to satisfy three needs namely: the need for affection and approval, need for a partner, need to restrict one's life into narrow boarders, including being undemanding.
Aggression called moving – against and the expansive solution. Children counter the parent indifference with anger and hostility. It satisfies four needs namely: crave for power, need to exploit others and get better of them, social recognition and prestige, need for personal admiration, and need of personal achievement Webster (2006).
Withdrawal, often labeled as ‘moving away from’. She discovered that children solve problems by becoming self- sufficient. This includes the needs for self sufficiency, independence, perfection and stability Webster (2006).
These theories relates with our family life’s because being a product of hardships, she writes from her own experience, what she went through hate, low self esteem but at the end she succeeded.