Jul 11, 2019 in Medicine

Medical Terminology Essay

Give a brief response to the following queries. Be brief and very precise.

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  1. A medical report prepared by a medical practitioner pertaining a certain diagnosis for a patient who had an history of recurrent lymphatic system infections had the following terms:
  • Lymphoid tissue
  • Lymphadenopathy
  • Splenomegaly
  • Lymphoedema
  • Splenectomy

Demonstrate your understanding of the above terms by explaining the prefixes, suffixes and the meaning of the terms.

  1. Auto-immunity is a common disorder of a malfunctioned immune system. Give a brief explanation of the term auto-immunity and give two common auto-immune diseases. How does the lymphatic system contribute to immunity? Which other components/organs make up the immune system?
  2. Lymph node biopsy is a procedure employed in removing lymph node tissue to be looked under a microscope for signs of infection or a disease such as cancer. Some employed procedures are mastectomy and lumpectomy. Explain the terms: biopsy, mastectomy and lumpectomy.
  3. Differentiate between regular/normal edema and lymphoedema
  4. What happens to the lymph nodes when one has an infection?
  5. Explain what atopy is            




  1. Lymphoid tissue





  • Splenomegaly




  • lymphadenopathy





  • Splenectomy


  • Adenoidectomy

-oid (resembling)

Lymph-thin coagulable fluid having white cells(lymphocytes) and chyle

Lymphoid tissue- specialized tissue making up the lymphatic system  (Getter, 2002)

Spleno- related to the spleen

Megaly-excessive enlargement

Splenomegaly-excessive enlargement of the spleen (Getter, 2002)

Lymph- thin coagulable fluid having white cells (lymphocytes) and chyle(mixture of lymph, emulsified fats or free fatty acids.)



Lymphadenopathy-refers to swollen lymph nodes located beneath the mandibles(Getter, 2002)

Splene- related to spleen

Ectomy-surgical removal (Getter, 2002)

Adeno-related to the adenoids

 -ectomy-surgical removal ( Olson,2000)


  1. Autoimmunity

This is a condition in which the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues. Examples: lupus erythematosus, and rheumatoid arthritis.

The lymphatic system removes parts of microbes or dead body cells that are broken down as part of other immune system attacks.

The other components of the immune system include  bone marrow and thymus gland. (Getter, 2002)


  1. Biopsy









The removal of a sample of a tissue for the purpose of diagnosis.

(Getter, 2002)



Surgical removal of a breast to remove malignant tumor (Getter, 2002)



Surgical removal of a small tumor which may or may not be benign/malignant (Getter, 2002)

  1. Edema

Edema is a swelling due to excess fluid accumulation in an affected area. It’s common in the affected area  (Olson,2000).




Lymphoedema is a condition whereby protein-rich fluid accumulates in a tissue.

( Olson,2000)

  1. Lymph nodes


Lymph nodes function in filtering out foreign particles/pathogens. Naturally they would swell when fighting infection. ( Olson,2000)


  1. Atopy


An inherited tendency to develop some form of allergy. (Getter, 2002)








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