Diagnosis and Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease Essay
The following paper focuses on the treatment and diagnosis of Alzheimer disease and the disorders involved with it will scrutinize on the symptoms and impacts of this disease to the society. There are different types of dementia I will discuss on how thy can be recognized. In the paper I have focused on the strategies of management present in the practitioner of primary care, the available medical field, essential policy issues, and how the policy makers can enhance access to concern for dementia patients (Craft, 2007).
What is Alzheimer's disease?
Alzheimer's disease is a brain disease that progresses slowly and is distinguished by memory impairment and finally by interruption in planning, reasoning, perception and language. According to the scientists research it is believed to be an outcome of increased production of beta-amyloidal protein in the brain leading to the death of nerve cell (James, 2001). The probability of having this disease rises after 70 years, and may involve about 50% of people above 85 years. Alzheimer disease is an abnormal and inevitable happening in life.
Who develops Alzheimer’s disease?
As people advance in age, Alzheimer’s disease frequency continues to rise. a tenth of people above 65 years and a half of people above 85 years, are victims of Alzheimer’s disease. Most people have developed this disease at their 70s. Nevertheless 2%-5% of the patients develop it at their 40s or 50s. There is a inherent threat aspect for Alzheimer’s disease. Children of the people suffering from this disease at their early ages with such gene mutation are most likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease. A quite ordinary form of gene in chromosome 19 is linked with delayed inception of Alzheimer’s disease. Although in most patients there are no specific genetic hazards which have been discovered. Other factors that raise the risk of this disease include coronary artery disease, elevated blood cholesterol, diabetes and hypertension (Mace & Rabins, 2006). It has also been discovered that people who have below eight years of schooling have better threat of having Alzheimer’s disease.
What are the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease?
Alzheimer’s disease usually begins gradually and progresses slowly. Problems of the memory that members of the family initially dismiss as a ordinary stage of ageing are the early stages, of Alzheimer's disease. As this disease progresses, difficulty in conceptual thinking and some intellectual task crop up. Advanced problems in appearance and behavior like irritability, agitation, deterioration in appropriate dressing and quarrelsomeness is also experienced. Later the individual may be disoriented on what year or month it is (Jolene, 2008). They may be not able to communicate, uncooperative, loose bladder and inconsistent in mood. In final periods of this disease, individual may become unable to look after themselves. Eventually they can die of pneumonia or other conditions that deteriorate their health status severely.
How is the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease made?
No definite blood test is used for the identification of this disease. It is usually diagnosed when no processes explain better the dementia, the medical course is constant with Alzheimer’s disease and when an individual has adequate cognitive fall to attain criterion for dementia.
What is the prognosis for a person with Alzheimer’s disease?
Patients of this disease usually die of difficulty swallowing that may lead to pneumonia, but not directly of Alzheimer’s disease. Most patients can stay at home with the assistance of other people as the disease slowly progresses. Despite a lot of expiating moments in the patient's life together with their families, most occasions remainsfor relations that are constructive .people who help the patients in most cases may experience, frustration challenge, anger, satisfaction, warmth and sadness. the reaction of patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease differs and may be based on factors such as, the severity and nature of the next environment and the patterns of lifelong personality (Jolene, 2008). This disease may be accompanied by depression, paranoia and severe uneasiness. Despite the absence of the cure, there are treatments which alleviate many symptoms that cause anguish.
What management and treatment options are available for Alzheimer's disease?
This disease is controlled through treatment based on both non-medication and medication. The two varying categories of pharmaceuticals are recommended by the FDA for Alzheimer's disease treatment; Inhibitors of cholinesterase and antagonist of partial glutamate. Neither category of medication has been confirmed progression rate of the disease (Goedert, 2006). Nevertheless most medical trials recommend that these medications are better than placebos in illuminating some symptoms.
Side effects of medication
Some medicines may lead to cognitive impairment mainly in patients that are elderly. Perhaps, drugs for controlling incontinence and bladder urgency are the recurrent offender.
Alzheimer disease most commonly, is the basis of cognitive decline at advanced ages. The diagnosis of this disease can be made using uniform medical principle despite the delayed diagnosis. Mostly the diagnosis is managed and done in the settings of primary care; while some patients with severe impairments and typical arrangement gain from professional referral .this disease is irreversible and progressive. But pharmacologic treatment for cognitive mutilation and pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies for behavioral difficulties related to dementia can improve the quality of life.
Psychotherapy with the members of the family is indicated often as half of all caregivers end up depressed. The delivery of healthcare to those patients is inadequate and fragmented, and the alterations in the models of disease management are increasing tension to the system(Jolene, 2008). There is need for new ways to make sure that the patients get important resources and potential research should aspire to enhance therapeutic and diagnostic effectiveness.