Leadership Essay Sample
In 1918, when all Christian were celebrating the birth of their messiah, in the land of Mit Abu al-Kum, al-Minufiyah, a country in the horn of Africa, to a humble family of thirteen children, a hero was born. His Egyptian father and Sudanese mother were quick to name the young hero Mohammad Anwar al Sadata. The season and the name, was a clear indication of the future to come.
Anwar grew under his grandparents care gaining and sapping wisdom from his elderly grandmother, who narrated to him about British colonization, which made him to understand very well the history of his country tribulations and contemporary history. He started living an exemplary life from tender age by being ready to learn from what come around him. Out of this anxiety to learn and knowledge, he pinpointed some people who became his hero, in the making of his outstanding characters and leadership. He was quick to form a close link with some of them (WorldLingo Translations, 2011).
Through observation, skill and critical thinking, he was able to observe what Zahran did in resisting the British and how he died for his country. Zahran was a hero in the Denshawai incident which was part of British resistant this influenced him to Egypt nationalism
Anwar keenly observed Turkish leader, Kemal Atarark, who overthrew the foreign influence in his country and the reforms he introduced in his country. Out of this, Anwar again gained nationalism spirit ( Barry, 2009).
He then focused his attention on mahatma Gandhi of India, who used non violence means in solving injustice in his country. Gandhi made him learn how justice can be used to attain independence. He not only kept an eye on the democratic government, but he also mastered on how to become a hard-line dictator like Adolf Hitler. He admired Hitler’s quick threats to Britain and their allies. Revolving around Zahran, Kamal, Gandhi, and Hitler, he learned charismatic and leadership quality which was proven in his later reign.
In 1938, he graduated from the loyal military academy and rose to a rank of signal post. Lucky enough, he comes across Gamel Abdel Nasser while working in Sudan. Together, they formed an underground Free Africa Movement aimed at gaining their own independence, by revolving against British rule and eliminating the culture of corruption in Egypt. As if the government was monitoring his moves, he first came in the hard of the law during the Second World War, when he was imprisoned for trying to seek support from axis powers. He remained in jail for most of 1940s until when together with Gamel Abdel Nasser, they organized a popular Egyptian revolution, which saw Farouk 1 out of power and his ally. Nasser took over as president. He was appointed to serve the docket of minister of state. He rose from that docket to the position of secretary to national union (Omar, 2010)..
In Gamal Abdel Nasser reign, Sadat became Minister of State from 1954 until 1959, where he took over the position of Secretary to the National Union. In 1960 to 1968 Sadat was promoted to President of the National Assembly. Later in 1964, he was promoted as Vice President in the year 1964 and 1966, and reappointed in the 1969 to 1970 as member of the Presidential Council which he retained in subsequent years. This quick rise in ranks showed how dedicated, devoted he was in serving his own country, and he was truly a real patriot.
In 1970, as Sadat mourned his long term friend, Gamel Abdel Nasser, he was fully loaded on his shoulder the duty left by the late Nasser. Though in his heart he was meditating the golden opportunity to lead Egypt, Sadat became the second president of Egypt. Although many people considered it as short term, with the view of him being a puppet of Nasser supporters, who they could easily influence, but this was not to be. After attaining the power, he applied his leadership quality by proving many wrong and successfully retained the presidency. To cement his government, he established Corrective Revolution, excluding the government, political and security establishments of the most passionate Nasserites.
During the Suez Canal war of 1971, President Sadat authorized a peace letter to the united nation with Israel on a condition, that Israel to withdrawal its pre-war borders. Israel's desire to negotiate was perceived by Sadat as directly related to the number of several threats of Egyptian military army. This only took six days of war in 1967. It was presence of Soviet equipment and large military personnel who triggered Israel to prefer negotiations. This made Sadat to exclude the Soviet military advisers from Egypt, and proceeded to reorganize his battalion into shape, for a new row with Israel. During this time, Egypt was experiencing economic meltdown, triggered during Six-Day War, and Soviet turning cold shoulder on Sadat for requests of more military support.
On 6 October 1973, Hafez al-Assad of Syria, Sadat initiated the Yom Kippur War, or Ramadan War, which came as a surprise to Israeli forces situated in the Egyptian Sinai Peninsula, and Syrian Golan in a bid to recapture the territory taken by Israel. The most remarkable triumph was the Egyptian military's advancement 15 kilometres into the occupied Sinai Peninsula, after conquering the Bar Lev Line. Sadat popularity and fame increased drastically after the dramatic win over Israel, making him a hero of the war in Egypt and Arab world.
The initial Egyptian and Syrian victory in the war restored popularity and morale throughout Egypt, and in the Arab World. Sadat became an idol for many and came to be known as the hero of crossing. Sadat popularity did not end there, as he peaceful reopened the Suez Canal. This made Israel his permanent foe for many years after, but Sadat charismatic leadership made him complete two agreements that saw detachment of forces with Israel.
In doing all this, Sadat had one major feature of winning religious support for his impacts. This made a major achievement of his career of trying to get a solution to Palestinian and Israel dispute. He invited religious leaders like Vatican pope, Paul VI and Pastor Billy Graham. As if this was not enough he used media to preach his mission (Face Book, 2011).
On 19th November 1977, as history was waiting for al Sadat to break, he became the first Arab leader to visit Israel publicly and interacted with Prime Minister of Israel, Begin Menachin, and lengthily talked with him on how to establish a lasting peace solution to Israel and Arab. On conflict he suggested the inclusion and implementation of united nation resolutions 242 and 338. 18th September 1978, a joint session Congress in Washington, D.C, provided a platform for Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem. Begin to sighn Camp David Accords, in the presence of president jimmy carter that brought peace between the two earlier foes (Barry, 2009).
The world was watching president Anwar hard work of restoring peace to Arabs and Israel. This culminated to his award of Nobel peace price in 1979. In the awarding ceremony Sadat saw it as a long thirst for peace for both Israel and Arabs countries. In his awarding speech, he echoed the need to value humanity, shaping life of people by upholding equity and truth. He further liberated the importance of maintaining peace in their region.
The treaty paved way for mutual recognition of the two countries, and termination of the fight that was going on between the two states. This had remained since 1967 and Complete extraction by Israel soldier and citizen. Sinai Peninsula had being conquered by Israel from 1967. The treaty enabled Israel to use Suez Canal and acknowledged the Gulf of Aqaba and Tiran as international waterways.
Though this peace treaty gained a lot of support by Egyptian, Israel saw it as breach of Nasser’s agreement on pan-Arabism and putting the will of Egypt in front. From becoming an icon to Muslim enemy, and in trying to solve this problem, he landed another price, the Prince of Peace Award by Pat Robertson (Nobelprize.org, 2010). President Anwar basket of achievement was full to the brim, due to his accomplishments in a very short time. He preached peace wherever he went and tried to unite people through negotiation and reconciliation. He became peoples talk and the entire world was looking at him, and others stated to idolize him as their king and president (Omar, 2010).
Al Sadat married a twenty two year lady by the name Ehsan Madi, and later divorced her and remarried Jehan Raouf who was around sixteen years old. He had four children from Raouf, Gamal, Lana, Noha and Jehan (The List Blog - Top 10, 2009).
In 1983, Oscar-winning actor Louis Gossett, Jr. aired the film based on the life of anwar Sadat on US television. This caused the Egyptian government to prohibit the film, and anything to do with this film was barred by the government through its courts. Later, BBC produced a film entitled ‘Why was Cairo Calm’, which described al Sadat as a wise democratic leader, who had raised economy of Egypt through free market and for bringing peace with Israel. This was sad news to Israel who saw it as an allusion.
Even after a remarkable work he did, other people were against him and led by Lieutenant Khalid Islambouli, they succeeded in assassinating Anwar Sadat on October 1981. He was succeeded by his then vice president Hosni Mubarak.
In Sadat funeral, many dignitaries attended including former US presidents, jimmy carter, Gerald ford and Richard Nixon. The only Arab president who attended was president of Sudan Gaafar Nimeiry. Many Islamic radicals were mentioned in the Khalid Islambouli trial.
Al Sadat nephew Salaat al-sadat allegation that his assassination was an international conspiracy, earned him a year in prison for defaming Egypt army. Later he was interviewed, and was courageous to state that the Egyptian general was the core planner of his uncle’s death. He also added that both united state of America and Israel were part of the mastermind.
Nevertheless, he left a lot to be admired for in many generations to come and a lot of history to be written in the available books, a lot to be read and to be passed to other generation orally. He has been an inspiration to many, rising from a humble family to an admiration of many, and an icon to many leaders. Throughout his leadership, he fought for the right of weak; he was an ambassador of peace, adoration of the weak and influenced many in search independent. Until he met his death, he had swallowed a lot more than his mouth could bite, in changing the world. He had a lot to celebrate including being the pioneer of the treaty of Egypt and Israel disagreement, winning a Nobel peace prize (Nobelwinners.com, 2004).