Jul 11, 2019 in Exploratory

Professional Proposal Report Sample

In a course of the last few decades, the scientists and ecologists concern themselves with a question of ocean protection. Every man or woman, either an adult or a child, should know that the problem of ocean pollution depends on his/her personal behavior. Therefore, it does not matter, whether a person lives on a beach or he/she has never seen the sea. If all the people on the Earth took care of the ocean, the issue of its contamination would not be so burning today.

Literature Review

The world-known French oceanographer, researcher, explorer, and scientist, Jacques-Yves Cousteau, was one of the first who has co-developed modern Aqua Lung. He did this together with Emile Gagnan (an engineer for Air Liquide, a Parisian natural gas company) in 1943 (Marinebio, 2014). Owing to them, people have a possibility to observe the underwater world with its entire wild environment. Cousteau also discovered the marine conservation. He said, “Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have become global garbage cans” (Cousteau, 2014).

One more marine biologist and conservationist, Rachel Louise Carson, in her book The Sea Around Us writes the following,

It is a curious situation that the sea, from which life first arose should now be threatened by the activities of one form of that life. But the sea, though changed in a sinister way, will continue to exist; the threat is rather to life itself. (Carson, 2014).

Nowadays, a human task is to preserve and clean up this environment. This proposal report will set up golden rules for divers, scientists, archaeologists, biologists, and geologists about how scuba can help to achieve this goal and protect the ocean life.

Discussion

Scuba divers are people, who use aqualungs for diving and observing an underwater world. Anyone, who can swim, may dive. However, before this, he/she should memorize main principles of safe diving. This proposal report may assign ten rules, which will help scuba divers to protect the marine environment during diving.

Ten Golden Rules for Scuba Divers

  1. Dive carefully
    Scuba divers should dive attentively, trying not to disturb the wild nature of the ocean. Aquatic organisms are fragile and need much time to recover. Carefulness while diving can prevent harm and damage to ocean habitants.
  2. Be aware of the body
    Scuba divers should keep their equipment secured to obviate an injury to an aquatic world.
  3. Respect and comprehend marine life
    Scuba divers should understand that playing with animals or feeding them could cause a disruption in the water ecosystem, so they should consider well where to get knowledge about such interaction.
  4. Keep up their plunge skills
    Before a plunge into open water, a diver should train himself/herself in a swimming pool or other water body without wildlife. Such education can help to stave off hurt to underwater being.
  5. Think over the underwater interactions
    Avoid touching, feeding, catching, and holding anything in the water; not to take any part of the natural environment.
  6. Be an ecotourist
    Do not collect corals or seashells as presents and souvenirs; take only photos, so the next divers will be able to admire the underwater habitat in its integrity. In such a way, scuba divers assist in marine reserves.
  7. Respect aquatic heritage
    Accessing wreck places, divers should respect underwater culture and preserve it for future generations.
  8. Inform authorities about environmental demolition or disturbances
    Scuba divers can observe local waters, and, if they detect the marine pollution, for example, oil or other substances in water, or unusual and strange behavior of animals, they should report such changes to responsible officials in this area.
  9. Set an example for other divers
    Other divers will see all the actions under water, so set a good sample for them. Be an aware diver, and do not disturb aquatic life.
  10. Get involved in environmental activities
    Divers can support the oceanic environment, taking part in voluntary services and public movements. For example, they can pick-up the garbage on the beach or collect data about how to conserve marine life, and spread this information among other people.

Ten Golden Rules for Snorkel Divers

These rules are almost the same, but some of them differ a little.

  1. Select an environmentally friendly hotel, which conserve energy and recycle waste. A right choice of the resort will help the environment.
  2. When snorkels visit coral reefs and marine reserves, they can pay fees or contribute to the charitable foundation, which assists in aquatic world protection.
  3. Choose signs of entry and exit, so as not to walk on coral reefs.
  4. Do not touch corals, only look at them.
  5. Control the body; do not brush against sand.
  6. Snorkels should learn how to swim without using their hands and how to stay horizontal in the water near reefs.
  7. Snorkels can collect plastics and other garbage on the water surface.
  8. Move sluggishly and slowly, do not disturb reef creatures.
  9. Do not pursue, bother or stroke marine animals or plants.
  10. When the snorkel diver is on a boat, he/she should try to use moorings instead of anchors and chains. The latter one can damage coral reefs.

Many sciences use scuba for their work. One of them is marine biology. One may ask what it is. Marine biology “is the study of life in the oceans and other saltwater environments such as estuaries and wetlands. All plant and animal life forms are included from the microscopic picoplankton all the way to the majestic blue whale, the largest creature in the sea” (Marinebio, 2014). Marine biologists use the aqualung for the underwater nature research. They should also stick to golden rules.

Golden Rules for Marine Biologists

  1. Move slowly, without jerks.
  2. Do not touch all living things under water.
  3. Study the environment without disturbing it, just observing.
  4. Take only that specimen, which are dead.
  5. Use the modern equipment, such as low light cameras that do not bother aquatic creatures.
  6. Study coastal environment, which has a great impact on the quality of water. If there is a lot of garbage, oil, chemicals, the marine biologist should discover its influence on water and prevent damage, giving reports to the local authorities about possible risks.
  7. Do not perform experiments on living beings. Marine biologists should develop theories and test them by watching and monitoring without touching. In such a way, they can help to preserve a large quantity of marine species of animals and plants.
  8. Before diving, marine biologists should train to swim with scuba under water with a professional instructor in the places, where nothing could be destroyed.
  9. Provide people with the information about the conditions of the ocean and the solutions to the problems of aquatic life.
  10. Work responsibly, only for environmentally friendly companies, which support marine conservation.
    Underwater geologists research the history of the ocean bottom and its structure. That is why they have to plunge deeply into the water with the help of scuba. Discovering the floor of the ocean, marine geologists can help in terms of protection of the marine environment, following ten golden rules:

Ten Golden Rules for Underwater Geologists

  1. Select such places in the sea, where they may not damage anything (for example, there are no coral reefs or shoals of fish).
  2. Use small devices for measuring and collecting information from the sea bottom. That means, do not use submarines and other massive instruments, because they can destroy or injure aquatic life.
  3. Take only those parts of the sea floor and underwater rocks, which are dead or where no living beings exist.
  4. Marine geologists can use sediment samples for their research. It may help to prevent some dangers. When geologists notice chemical or physical changes in deep-sea sediments, they can discover the cause of these changes. If the cause is an effect of human activities, geologists should report to the authorities, which would examine this question.
  5. Underwater geologists use sound navigation. They have to check whether sound makes harm to ocean inhabitants. People may not hear it, but for some marine animals, it can be harmful.
  6. When geologists use for their study remotely controlled vehicles, they should be keenly aware that there is a big number of sea creatures on the ocean floor. Some of these creatures may be afraid of the machines. Therefore, marine geologists should deeply investigate the bottom with the help of scuba before using remotely operated instruments.
  7. If marine geologists use the aqualung for their research, they should learn all possible techniques of submersion and control their buoyancy with all the equipment.
  8. Geologists, like divers and biologists, can gather garbage from the sea floor, helping to conserve underwater nature.
  9. Use only environmentally friendly products in the everyday life. Marine geologists can use non-toxic reagents for their experiments and tests, if only it is possible.
  10. Spread the information about the state of the sea bottom to the total mass of people. They should know what they could do for preserving marine nature.

Marine archaeologists are archaeologists in the water. They search for remains of the human past, such as wrecks of ships, houses, and other buildings, weapons and machines, which sank many years ago. Underwater archaeology needs the expensive equipment for its work. This field of study is important for people and for their history. However, it can cause destruction in the aquatic world. If archaeologists want to avoid the damage, they should stick to some rules as well.

Ten Golden Rules for Marine Archaeologists

  1. Before removing archaeological objects from the site, all the necessary measures should be done to preserve nature integrity around these objects.
  2. Marine archaeologists can leave the artifacts on the site, because “displacing an artifact from a site changes its integrity, as the site is no longer complete” (UNESCO, 2014). In such a way, they can also preserve the aquatic life in the place of archaeological work.
  3. When leaving entities on the site is not possible, only safe techniques should be applied for lifting them from the water. All this is made for saving environment as well.
  4. When it is possible to keep the archaeological objects on the sea bottom, but they are important for our history and other people should know about such objects, underwater parks or museums could be established. Thereby, the future generation will be able to observe some parts of their remote past through diving.
  5. Waterproof cameras can also help. They can be set around artifacts and transmit video to the earth, to a special institution. Thus, people overland could watch the video without submersion.
  6. Weapon, explosive materials or other dangerous objects should be recovered with the particular attention and safety. If handling with machines is undoable, marine divers can help to lift it from the ocean floor. This work is very responsible, so divers should apply all their knowledge, skills and efforts to make it without any harm to aquatic life.
  7. When an artifact is danger, but it is difficult to access because of marine plants or reefs, archaeologists should consider well the size of hazard. If the risks from the artifact are high, maybe, they should sacrifice the surrounding nature to save a distant environment. In any case, they should be well aware of their actions and consequences.
  8. If archaeologists find objects, which are not significant for the history, but they pollute the aquatic world, such objects should be safely removed from the water.
  9. There are many wrecks, which contain oil and fuel. However, such debris have become habitat for fishes and plants. One should ask whether there is a solution for that case. Mark Spalding, the President of The Ocean Foundation, an active participant in marine working group, writes in his post in Ocean Views:
    In our toolbox of solutions, we can include in-situ bio-remediation (bacteria to break down oil), stabilizing metals by using anodes (a positively charged electrode), and hot tapping the ships to remove their oils and fuels. There may also be some options for oil containment and diversion. (2014).
    These solutions need costs, so, marine archaeologists can pay fees and collect money from volunteers for the wrecks cleaning.
  10. Underwater archaeologists can learn the marine vicinity with the help of satellites before diving. Thus, they will not disturb aquatic life without an additional need.
    Ocean science is a broad field of learnings. It embraces all above-listed branches: marine geology, biology, archaeology, etc.

Marine scientists are involved in the research, analysis, and forecasts in relation to the oceans, their life forms, and coastal areas. They analyze the sea and its interaction with the land, the atmosphere and sea floors. They also use the information gained to predict changes to the earth’s infrastructure, inform statutory legislation and encourage environmental protection (Prospects, 2013).

If ocean science is closely connected with other studies, the golden rules for marine scientists are the same. However, the author can add some more ones for all the scientists and people that explore the ocean and want to help in terms of its protection.

Ten Golden Rules for Marine Scientists

  1. Buy only sustainable marine products. Do not buy endangered species.
  2. Do not collect or hunt aquatic creatures for food or souvenirs, be a good example for others.
  3. Support water protected places by paying dues.
  4. Use only those products, which can be recycled, and those batteries, which can be recharged. It will help to diminish the quantity of waste on the planet.
  5. If a man or a woman has a car, they should try to drive less or buy electric or gas automobiles. They will reduce harm to the environment. The best variant is to walk or ride a bicycle. Thereby, there will be no damage for the ecosystem.
  6. Do not dive with a crowd of other scuba divers, because it may put a strain on marine creatures.
  7. Replant evergreen trees and native plants. They protect reefs from sediment, toxins, and storms.
  8. Teach all the acquaintances about the state of the ocean and tell them, how they can help to conserve the marine environment.
  9. Do not waste water in the everyday life. Turn off faucet while brushing teeth. Use sewage installation, which does not let dirty water get into the ground.
  10. Cut away fishing lines every time while diving. A diver should have a knife with him/her, so he/she could cut the line without damaging reefs.

Conclusion

The ocean world is very gorgeous, but it needs the help of human beings to preserve its beauty and integrity. If each person would think about it and do even little things from the rules, mentioned above, they will save the Earth for the future posterity. Every time, the person decides to dive, he/she may donate this diving to science. For example, divers can record their races and post their observations to a global data group, such as the REEF (The Reef Environmental Education Foundation). It offers the information for scientists and researchers to treat.

At the end, it is indispensable to admit that the health of the ocean is the planet’s health. People should take care of its prosperity like of their own. All men/women have great impacts on their children and people around them. Thereby, they should teach the young generation how to save and protect the marine environment in the everyday life. “If not us, then who? If not now, then when?” (Lewis, 2014). Humans should control their behavior and give an example to others. If they do not make it today, it may be late tomorrow.

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