Harlem Renaissance Essay

The Harlem Renaissance was the acceptance accorded to the African-American cultures in European – American societies to blossom. This was mainly in the world of art and music. The Harlem Renaissance came after black American communities had chosen to migrate to the northern states in order to maximize job opportunities that had come with the end of world War I. African – American under the umbrella of uniting organizations like the National Association for the Advancement of colored People (NAACP) promoted the civil rights and fought for the African – American disenfranchisement. The Universal Negro improvement Association and African Communities League (UNIA-ACL), the National Urban League (NUL) all came up with the main agenda of reuniting all people of African descent. All the efforts ended in the Harlem Renaissance which helped African – American cultures remain intact through art and music.


Evans, Catherine, M. “Harlem Renaissance writer resisted politic of Victimhood.” 

Evans used this article to decry the persecution that the African American people had to put up with before the Harlem Renaissance. She suggests some skills and abilities which would have been lost if the victimization had not ended. The article has the purpose of letting the world recognize what it would have lost if the Harlem Renaissance had not received the attention it was accorded. American think is not a widely known mass media house but the information it gives more particularly this particular one is valid and reliable. This also makes it up to date for the topic of discussion of this annotated bibliography, and remains relevant for my research.

I accessed the information from Google.com. The search terms I used were, An article in The progressive about Harlem Renaissance

Gates, Louis, H, Jr.  “Black creativity: on the cutting edge” Time Magazine U.S. 

The article gives a comparison between the level at which the African American art, and music has reached and the time at which it was at the edge of dying out. The article points at key individuals and organizations that contributed greatly towards the revival of the art and African American creativity. The fact that it was published by the Time magazine gives it an elevated ground amongst those which are considered reliable sources. Its author is in a respected position, being that he is chairman of the department of Afro American studies at Harvard University, yet he is an author of colored people. The article doubles as a casual reader’s materials but also can be important for scholarly use.

I accessed the information from Google.com. The search terms were, Time magazine and the Harlem Renaissance.


Ruthie, Stern. “Words of their own: A qualitative study of African American students’ signifying transactions with Harlem Renaissance poetry.” 

The article contextualizes the selected poems from the Harlem Renaissance, by four African American students who were bi – dialectical also. This article is written by a respected author, under a teachers’ college in a recognized university, which puts the article at a reliable status. It also stands to be relevant to the topic of this annotated bibliography, because it focuses on art which was a uniting factor for the African Americans fight for their civil rights, which resulted into the Harlem Renaissance. The article was written to give a scholarly attachment between the Harlem Renaissance and the present academic requirements. It remains up to date for the topic of discussion for this bibliography because it tackles the core of the topic.

I got this resource through Google.com. The search terms I used were academic journal article on Harlem Renaissance.

University of South Carolina. “James Weldon Johnson 1871 – 1938” . 

This biography of James Weldon Johnson gives a description an academic professor of an African – American descent, who served I different positions in different universities. It also describes his contributions towards the Harlem Renaissance. The audience it is intended for in this biography are scholars intending to do research into key figures, individuals and organizations that spearheaded the Harlem Renaissance. This biography was published by a recognized university, which makes it a reliable source of information regarding the Harlem Renaissance. It can thereby be used by a real person for academic and casual research.

I accessed this source through Google .com the search terms I used were James Weldon Johnson biography.

 Watlington, Dennis. “Harlem renaissance.” 

In his article Dennis compares his life changing act from drug use to attending school, with the elevation of the African American people got from the Harlem renaissances. He looks back in his life and recognizes the effort of a black police officer who staged a moment of fear in his life, thereby taking the decision to become a better citizen of the United States. This article was written mainly to encourage children and other people to abandon drug use but rather embrace academic which would result into better citizenship. The article may not be directly important for this research but has a slight relationship to the topic. This therefore makes it an unreliable source of information for the topic of discussion of this bibliography.

I accessed the information from Google.com. The search terms were, Newspaper article on the Harlem Renaissance